Welcome To Evlithium
Best Store For Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) Battery
lithium battery supplier
Home > Blog>Why You Shouldn't Mix Different LiFePO4 Batteries

Can You Mix Different LiFePO4 Batteries?


diy lifepo4 battery pack

Mixing different LiFePO4 batteries in a single pack is not recommended. The reason is straightforward: doing so can negatively impact the overall performance and safety of the battery pack. This blog aims to provide you with relevant information on this topic.


Why Mixing Different LiFePO4 Batteries is Not Recommended

The use of LiFePO4 batteries generally falls into two categories: discharging and charging. Let's explore why mixing different batteries is discouraged in both scenarios.


Discharging Considerations

Discharge performance is crucial. A battery pack's efficiency depends on the size, type, voltage, capacity, brand, and age of each individual battery. Variations in these parameters can lead to issues such as:

  1. Performance Degradation: Mismatched batteries can cause the entire pack to perform below optimal levels.
  2. Safety Risks: While LiFePO4 batteries are less prone to explosion due to their chemical properties, improper mixing can still lead to leaks or other safety hazards.

Different shapes of LiFePO4 batteries, such as cylindrical or prismatic, also present challenges due to manufacturing variations. Mixing these can damage your equipment due to their differing characteristics.

Charging Considerations

The charging process can also be problematic when mixing different LiFePO4 batteries. Even if parameters like type, voltage, and brand are the same, differences in capacity can cause issues. For example, smaller capacity batteries will discharge faster and can lead to imbalances. However, if all other parameters are identical, LiFePO4 batteries of different capacities can be charged in parallel without harm.


Disadvantages of Mixing Different LiFePO4 Batteries

  1. Reduced Efficiency: The overall efficiency of your battery pack will be constrained by the weakest battery in the mix.
  2. Increased Risk of Damage: Differences in performance parameters such as capacity and discharge rate will grow over time, potentially causing one or more batteries to over-discharge.
  3. Safety System Failures: The battery management system (BMS) may become ineffective, failing to provide the necessary safety protections.
  4. Unstable Output Power: The inconsistent output can damage your electrical appliances, causing malfunctions.


Best Practices

To avoid these issues, it's best to use LiFePO4 batteries that are identical in shape, type, brand, capacity, voltage, and age. Additionally, selecting appropriate busbars for connections is crucial for optimal performance and safety.



Mixing different LiFePO4 batteries is generally not advisable due to the various risks and performance issues involved. To ensure safety and efficiency, use batteries that are uniform in all key parameters. This approach will help you achieve the best performance and maintain the safety of your battery pack and connected devices.

Learn more here about selecting and connecting LiFePO4 batteries properly to maximize performance and safety.

Edit by paco

Contact us