Welcome To Evlithium
Best Store For Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) Battery
lithium battery supplier
Home > Blog>Understanding the LiFePO4 Voltage Chart

Understanding the LiFePO4 Voltage Chart: Effects on Power Delivery, Energy Storage, and Lifespan



lifepo4 voltage chart

*Charge curves of L173F176 LiFepO4 cell at room temperature


Lithium Iron Phosphate (LiFePO4) batteries are becoming increasingly popular due to their high energy density, long cycle life, and overall performance. One of the most critical factors in utilizing these batteries effectively is understanding their voltage characteristics. In this blog post, we will explore the LiFePO4 voltage chart, which shows the battery's voltage in relation to its state of charge and its effects on battery performance.


State of Charge (SOC) vs. Voltage Relationship


A LiFePO4 battery's voltage varies depending on its state of charge. The voltage rises as the battery charges and falls as it discharges. The relationship between voltage and state of charge is non-linear, meaning that a small change in SOC can cause a significant change in voltage.


The following table shows the typical voltage ranges for a LiFePO4 battery(single lifepo4 cell) at different states of charge:


SOC (%)

Voltage (V)


3.60 - 3.65


3.50 - 3.55


3.45 - 3.50


3.40 - 3.45


3.35 - 3.40


3.30 - 3.35


3.25 - 3.30


3.20 - 3.25


3.10 - 3.20


2.90 - 3.00


2.00 - 2.50



As you can see, the voltage range narrows as the SOC approaches 100%. This is because as the battery approaches full charge, the charging process slows down to protect the battery. As a result, the voltage change between different SOC levels becomes smaller.


Effects of Voltage on Battery Performance


Voltage is a critical factor that affects a LiFePO4 battery's performance. A battery's voltage affects the power it can deliver, the amount of energy it can store, and its overall lifespan.

Power Delivery: 

LiFePO4 batteries can deliver a high amount of power, but this power output decreases as the battery discharges. As the battery voltage drops, the power output also decreases, and the device may not function correctly. Therefore, it's crucial to ensure that the battery voltage remains within the recommended range to achieve optimal device performance.

Energy Storage: 

The energy storage capacity of a LiFePO4 battery is directly related to its voltage. The higher the voltage, the more energy the battery can store. For example, a battery that is charged to 3.6V can store more energy than one that is charged to 3.4V. However, it's essential to note that overcharging the battery can lead to reduced cycle life and other safety issues.


The voltage level also affects a battery's lifespan. Overcharging or over-discharging the battery can reduce its cycle life and potentially damage it. It's recommended to keep the battery voltage within the recommended range to achieve maximum cycle life and maintain the battery's performance over time.



In conclusion, understanding the LiFePO4 voltage chart is essential to maintain the battery's performance, energy storage, and lifespan. The chart shows that a small change in SOC can have a significant effect on the battery voltage. The voltage also affects the battery's power delivery, energy storage, and overall lifespan. By monitoring the battery voltage and keeping it within the recommended range, you can ensure optimal device performance and maximize the battery's lifespan.



Contact us